By disrupting the bacteria as well as smoothing the roots where the bacteria have been growing, and removing the irritants, we create the potential for healing, gum shrinkage, and reattachment of the gums to the teeth. This reduces the depth of the “pockets,” facilitates cleaning, and in turn reduces the extent of any surgery which may still be necessary.
While surgery is frequently needed after root planing, patients have less discomfort and less surgical involvement. By reducing the contaminants and the bacteria with scaling and root planing, there is also less chance of infection after surgery and healing is enhanced. Discomfort is minimal. Topical and local anesthetics and Nitrous oxide analgesia can be used for additional comfort.